Video Format - A history of video recording and playback. From 1950's onward. To include video formats.
1956: Amplex. The first commercially successful video tape format for broadcast use. 2" quadruplex. The BBC conducted a live demonstration of the VERA video tape recording system it had been developing since 1952. But removes it in favour of the quadruplex.
1961 - 1970: Amplex 2" helical Scan Video Tape
1964 - early 1970's: Sony EV 1" open reel video tape.
1969 - early 1980's: EIAJ-1/2" open reel video tape.
Sony launches the first video cassette format U-matic. It reached the UK in 1973. Used for the domestic market but it soon finds a new market in the educational, industrial and broadcast applications in 1971.
1972: Cartrivision - US first video format to offer films for rental
1972 - 1973: Cartrivision
1972 - late 1970's: EIAJ-2
1972 - late 1970's: V-Cord
1972 - 1979: Video Cassette Recording (VCR)
1975: Sony introduces Betamax VCR in Japan and US
1975 - 1977: VX
1975 - 1978: Television Electronic Disc (TeD)
1975 - 1980's: 1" Type B
1976 - mid 1990's: 1" Type C
1977: First video rental store in US opens in LA
1978: Telefunken omits TeD for VHS
1979: Super Video Recording SVR
1981 - 1986: CED / SelectaVision
1983: Sony introduces Betacam camcorder. The first integrated camera and video recorder for professional use. Prior video cameras were connected to a separate recorder unit.
1983 - 1986: Video High Density (VHD)
1983 - 1990's: Video single
The Sony Corp v Universal City Studios (the Betamax case) is settled, with US supreme court determining home video recording is legal in US.
1985 - 1988: SuperBeta
1985: The Jewel of the Nile is last feature film to be released on CEDs/SelectaVision 1986.
1986 - early 1990's: Mll
1987: Sony introduces first commercial digital videotape format D1.
1987 - 1990's: D1
1987 - 1990's: CD-Video
1988: Philips and Grundig end distribution of Video 2000 home video format after losing out to VHS.
1988 -early 1990's: Extended Definition Beta
1988 - 2000's: D2
1990 - 1991: Video Single Disc
1990 - 2002: Laser Juke
1993: Sony ceases production of Betamax VCRs for US market.
1993 -2000's: Video CD
1994 - late 2000's: D5/D5 HD
1995: DVD-Video is launched in Japan.
1997: DVD-Video is launched in US.
1997 - late 1990's: MovieCD
1998: DVD-Video is launched in the UK and Europe.
1998 - present: Interactive DVD
1998 - 1999: DIVX Digital Video Express
1998 - 1999: Sony Ruvi
2001 - 2006: MicroMV
2001 - 2007: Superbit
2001 - 2016: MPEG IMX
2002: Worldwide production of DVD-Video discs surpasses VHS tapes.
2002: Sony stops producing Betamax video cassette recorders.
2002 - 2004: D-Theater
2003 - 2006: Personal Video Disc PVD
2003 - 2009: Flexplay
2003- 2011: HDV
2003 - present: Professional Disc
2004 - 2007: Nintendo Game Boy Advance Video
2004 - 2011: Universal Media Disc
2006 - 2008: HD DVD
2006 - present: Blu-ray Recordable Erasable (BD-RE)
2007: Netflix launches its steaming video service
2008: JVC, the company that invented VHS format ceases production of standalone VHS video cassette recorders.
2008: Toshiba announces it will no longer manufacture or market HD DVD players or disc drives, ending the format war with Blu-Ray.
2009: Pioneer ceases production of its remaining LaserDisc players.
2013: Blockbusters goes into administration in the UK.
2014: Sony announces it will discontinue Playstation Portable.
2015: Sony ceases production of Betamax cassettes.
2016: Funai Electronics ceases to make VHS recorders and production. They were the last company to make VHS.
2016: Sony discontinues its remaining 1/2" professional video tape recorders, including Digital Betacam, MPEG IMX, HDCAM and HDCAM SR formats.
2017: Amazon UK ends its LoveFilm by Post DVD and Blu-Ray disc rental service citing demand for streaming.
Transfer your Professional NTSC and PAL tape formats - DVCAM, MiniDV, HDV, Betacam (SP, SX and DigiBeta), Sony IMX, HDCAM, DVCPRO (25/50/100) tapes - U-Matic 3/4", and Sony open reel 1/2" and 1" video tapes. Videotapes to Digital MP4 video file available. Editable DV files with timecode (for PC or Mac) available upon request. 7-10 day average delivery time.
OUR SERVICES IN BETACAM BROADCAST CONVERSION
|BROADCAST AND CORPORATE VIDEO TAPES||SUITABLE USES||FORMAT||1+||5+||10+||25+||50+||100+|
|PROFESSIONAL ARCHIVING||10BIT UNCOMPRESSED||48.50||44.00||40.00||36.50||33.00||30.00|
|We offer many different formats but the most common are above and priced accordingly. 10bit uncompressed is considered to be National Archive quality and suitable as an original master mezzanine format from which further copies can be made in any format. FFV1 is considered suitable for archiving as a lossless compression format. Apple Pro-Res is a lossy format available in several quality levels and ideal for video editing due to its file sizes. MPEG4 is also lossy but highly efficient and ideal as a digital copy for viewing purposes.|
Broadcast tapes typically have superior video and sound quality to that of a consumer tape. There are a variety of broadcast tapes we can transfer to digital file.
We can capture content from Professional Broadcast video tapes and convert it to new digital formats such as ProRes 422, H.264 MOV, H.264 MP4, DVD and Blu-ray Disc.
Optional archived backup to our cloud is offered as well. Supported NTSC and PAL tape formats - DVCAM, MiniDV, HDV, Betacam (SP, SX and DigiBeta), Sony IMX, HDCAM, DVCPRO (25/50/100) tapes - U-Matic 3/4", and Sony open reel 1/2" and 1" video tapes.